Introduction - Dore Gold

Executive Summary

Defensible Borders for Peace
- Yuval Steinitz

The Military-Strategic Perspective:
Israel's Requirement for Defensible Borders
- Yaakov Amidror
    Appendix 1 - Military-Strategic Aspects of West Bank Topography for Israel's Defense

The Legal Perspective:
Understanding UN Security Council Resolution 242 of November 22, 1967, on the Middle East
- Meir Rosenne

The Diplomatic Perspective:
The U.S. and "Defensible Borders":
How Washington Has Understood UN Security Council Resolution 242 and Israel's Requirements for Withdrawal - Dore Gold
    Appendix 2 - Letter from U.S. President George W. Bush to Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, April 14, 2004
    Appendix 3 - U.S. Senate and House of Representatives Approve Commitments to Israel in President Bush's Letter of April 14, 2004
    Appendix 4 - Statement of U.S. President George W. Bush to Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, April 11, 2005, in Crawford, Texas

Map 1 - Israel and the Middle East
Map 2 - Israel Within the 1949 Armistice Lines (pre-1967 Borders)
Map 3 - Allon Plan, 1970
Map 4 - Threat to Israeli Population Centers from West Bank Terrain
Map 5 - Vital Israeli Interests Threatened from Strategic Terrain Beyond the Security Fence: Protecting Ben-Gurion Airport and the Tel Aviv-Jerusalem Highway
Map 6 - Israel's Strategic Vulnerability from the West Bank
Map 7 - Topography and Israeli Security: Utilizing the 4,200-Foot Mountain Barrier to Protect Israel's Vulnerable Coastal Plain

About the Authors

About the Defensible Borders Initiative - Dan Diker

About the Authors

Dr. Yuval Steinitz is Chairman of the Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee as well as its Subcommittee on Intelligence and the Secret Services. A Knesset member since 1999, Dr. Steinitz previously taught metaphysics and the philosophy of science at the University of Haifa, during which time he published four books on philosophy and numerous articles in professional journals.

Maj.-Gen. (res.) Yaakov Amidror, Director of the Institute for Contemporary Affairs (ICA) at the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, commanded Israel's National Defense College and headed the research and assessment division of Israeli military intelligence. He also served as the military secretary to Israel's Minister of Defense and was involved in preparing for Israel's negotiations with its Arab neighbors. He was the Ira Weiner Fellow at The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. Since his retirement from the IDF, Gen. Amidror has served as an advisor on military and security matters to various government agencies.

Dr. Meir Rosenne has served as Israel's Ambassador to the United States and to France. He was one of the principal framers of the Camp David Accords between Egypt and Israel, and served as legal advisor to the Israel Foreign Ministry and to various Israel-U.S. and Israel-Syrian negotiations. He served as CEO of State of Israel Bonds, and is a senior partner at Balter Guth Aloni & Co. Dr. Rosenne received his B.A. in international relations from the University of Paris (Sorbonne) in 1953, followed by his LL.M. and Ph.D. (with honors) in international law from the Sorbonne in 1957.

Dr. Dore Gold, President of the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, served as Israel's Ambassador to the United Nations (1997-1999). Previously he served as foreign policy advisor to former Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, at which time he served as an envoy to Jordan, Egypt, the Palestinian Authority, and the Gulf States. He was involved in the negotiations over the 1998 Wye Agreement, the 1997 Hebron Protocol, and in 1996 concluded the negotiations with the U.S., Lebanon, Syria, and France for the creation of the Monitoring Group for Southern Lebanon. In 1991, he served as an advisor to the Israeli delegation to the Madrid Peace Conference. Dr. Gold completed his B.A. (1975), M.A. (1976), and Ph.D. (1984) at Columbia University. In 1978 he earned the certificate of Columbia University's Middle East Institute.
      Dr. Gold is the author of Hatred's Kingdom: How Saudi Arabia Supports the New Global Terrorism (Regnery, 2003); and Tower of Babble: How the United Nations Has Fueled Global Chaos (Crown Forum, 2004).

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